Categories
Dentistry

Discussion #10

Hello, all you fabulous Students!
Discussion #10
This week’s Discussion (your last one!) is telling your classmates (and me) what you love most about the Holiday Season. An example would be the weather, the music, etc. Again, the parameters are the same.
1) Initial post needs to be 250-350 words
2) One reply to another student with at least 100 words.
Happy Posting!
Remember there is a rubric attached to this assignment. Here is the instruction to see the rubric:

Categories
Dentistry

. The notion of biomaterials. Their properties.

1. The notion of biomaterials. Their properties.
2. Electrical properties (galvanization).
3. Color selection. Dimensions of color.
4. Mechanical properties (strength, resilience, flexibility) of biomaterials biomaterials.
5. Characteristics of the compressive pressure. Impact strength.
6. Metals and metal alloys. Definition
7. Alloys for fixed dentures (noble, base).
8. Alloy casting, welding and bonding, alloy recycling.
9. Acrylic resins. Types.
10. The properties of heat activated acrylic resins (structure, porosity, volume change, thermal
expansion, shrinkage during curing, thermal shrinkage, biological properties).
11. Indications for usage directions of acrylic plastic with thermal polymerization. Selfpolymerization acrylic resins. Release forms and their polymerization.
12. Ceramic masses. Definition. Chemical composition.
13. Stages of baking ceramic body on a metal structure.
14. Notion about new ceramic system: Hi-Ceram-Vita, Ceremony, In-Ceram-Vita, Dicor.
15. Notion about empress Technique. Mechanical copying methods. Computerized grinding
methods (CAD-CAM).
16. Dental wax. Composition. Classification by the method of application.
17. Wax properties: melting range, flow, thermal expansion, mechanical properties, residual
stresses, ductility.
18. Properties and advantages of dental investments and refractory materials.
19. The Definition of” Dental impression”. Characteristic.
20. Impression trays. Characteristic. Classification
21. Stages and technique of taking impressions.
22. The materials used for the manufacture of models. Properties.
23. Secondary properties for impression material (absence of toxic irritation, odor, taste,
long storage and easy removal after curing imprint).
24. Technique of manufacturing metal models. Their use in practice.
25. Classification of filling materials.
26. Requirements for permanent filling materials.
27. Temporary filling materials. Requirements.
28. Temporary light-cured filling materials. Properties.
29. Characteristics of artificial dentin. Properties. Chemical composition.
30. Definition and classification of medical liners. The purpose of use of medical liners.
31. Water-based calcium hydroxide paste. Properties and indications for use. Calcium
hydroxide cements based on resins. Properties and indications for use.
32. Zinc oxide paste. Properties and indications for use. Combined medical pastes.
Properties and indications for use.
33. How to prepare medical liner. The mechanism of action of medical liner.
34. Notion and determination of the chemical composition of glass-ionomer cement. Types,
curing glass-ionomer cement.
35. Properties of glass-ionomer cement. Indications for use directions and technology of
mixing glass-ionomer cement.
36. Classification of glass-ionomer cement by Wilson and McLean (1988). Classification by
G. J. Mount and W.R. Hume (1998).
37. Characteristics of glass-ionomer cement type I. Characteristics of glass-ionomer cement
type II. Characteristics of glass-ionomer cement type III.
38. Definition of hybrid glass ionomer cements. Chemical composition. Types of
polymerization.
39. Glass ionomer cement with addition of metal particles. Properties. Indications for use.
40. The difference between glass ionomer cement with addition of metal particles and metal
ceramic particles (Cermet).
41. Definition of compomers. Indications for use of compomers.
42. Definition of ormocers. Properties. Indications for use.
43. Definition of amalgams. Classification of amalgam by the number of metals in it’s
composition, by the content of copper in the silver alloy, silver lathe-cut.
44. Chemical composition of amalgam lathe-cut alloy.
45. Equipment and method for mixing of the amalgam. Capsules for mixing the amalgams.
46. Definition. General principles of adhesion. Physical adhesion mechanisms. Chemical
adhesion mechanisms.
47. Features of adhesion to solid tissues of the tooth. Adhesion to enamel, morphofunctional
features of enamel. Preparation of enamel for the adhesion.
48. Adhesion to dentin, morphofunctional features of dentin. Factors influencing the
adhesion.
49. Classification of adhesive systems in association with (generations, type of
polymerization, quantity of stages of imposing, pH, restoration material requiring
adhesion).
50. IIIrd generation of adhesive systems (definition of primer and adhesive). IVth
generation, characteristics, the procedure of etching, advantages and disadvantages.
51. Vth generation of adhesive systems characteristics, advantages and disadvantages. VIth
generation of adhesive systems characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.
52. Definition of composite materials.Classification of composite materials by Lutz, Phillips
and Willems.
53. Organic monomers of composite materials. (BIS-GMA, UDMA, DGMA, TGDMA).
Inorganic fillers. Silans, polymerizations initiators, stabilizers, colorants and pigments.
54. Composite macro-filled sealing materials (classical and modern). Composite micro-filled
sealing materials. Hybrid composite materials. Types of composite materials (powderliquid, liquid-paste, paste-paste, paste in the syringe).
55. Composite filling materials cured under UV radiation. Composite filling materials cured
under the influence of light (halogen lamp).
56. Composite filling materials, cured under the influence of light (laser). Composite filling
materials of dual curing. Biocompatibility (the reaction of pulp, microcracks, the
irritation caused by the lamp curing, reaction of mucous of the gums).
57. Materials for filling the root canals. Classification. Temporary filling materials based on
calcium hydroxide. Indications for use. Properties. Types.
58. Root canal materials for temporary filling based on iodoform. Indications for use. Types.
The materials on the basis of paraformaldehyde. Indications for use. Their properties.
Types.
59. Root canal materials for permanent filling. Characteristics. Materials for permanent
filling based on glass-ionomer cement. Characteristics. Gutta-percha. Characteristics.
60. Root canal materials for permanent filling based on epoxy resins. Characteristics,
properties. Primary solid materials for permanent filling of canals.
61. Irrigation and intra canal treatment (irrigation solution, solutions and gels for lubricant
and chemical expansion of root canals).

Categories
Dentistry

Down Syndrome, Cleft Palate

Down Syndrome, Cleft Palate
 Patient name: Julie Phan
 Medical history: Julie was born with Down Syndrome. Her IQ is 62. She was born with a cleft palate which was surgically corrected as a toddler and only slightly apparent with minor residual scarring. Her speech is still impaired due to the defect and association with Down syndrome. As is common in patients with Down syndrome, Julie has been diagnosed with Hypothyroidism within the last year. She resides with her mother and father who enjoy an upper-middle-class lifestyle. Julie has had access to a speech therapist, psychologist, and regular medical doctor, and attends a private school for children with special needs. She is an only child.
 Medications: Patient takes OTC pain relief (Ibuprofen) as needed and Synthroid daily for Hypothyroidism  Vital Statistics
Height 4’2”
Weight 115lbs
Gender Female
Nationality Asian-American
Age 16
BP 120/60mmHg
Pulse 65bpm
Respiration 14rpm
Smoker No
Pregnant No

Categories
Dentistry

Define regulated and non-regulated waste (list each of these under one of the categories: sharps, patient drinking cups, saliva ejectors, tissue & extracted teeth, gloves, blood or items soaked in blood)

Write a one-two page report (type in acronym for official website) explaining each acronym and what it does for infection control in healthcare (bullet format) for:
OSHA
CDC
EPA
NIOSH
Define regulated and non-regulated waste (list each of these under one of the categories: sharps, patient drinking cups, saliva ejectors, tissue & extracted teeth, gloves, blood or items soaked in blood)
250 word minimum; 500 word maximum.

Categories
Dentistry

i need a recommendation letter for entry into college from a pastor standpoint. Include how I have been a faithful servant in the body of Christ and include how I have played an active role in the church youth activities.

i need a recommendation letter for entry into college from a pastor standpoint. Include how I have been a faithful servant in the body of Christ and include how I have played an active role in the church youth activities. You can talk about how long i have been a member 12 years and how you have watched me grow into the young lady i am today. Tell how you feel that I would benefit from being a college student at Tennessee State University and how you feel about the dedication and spirtual upbringing I have obtain will help the student embark on her education at the university.

Categories
Dentistry

Diabetes mellitus is perceived as a complex syndrome that is a direct result of the alteration in the secretion of insulin at the level of the pancreas or by the resistance of peripheral cells to the action of this hormone. The most common effect of these disorders is an increase in blood glucose levels above normal limits- hyperglycemia.

Pathology Definition
Diabetes mellitus is perceived as a complex syndrome that is a direct result of the alteration in the secretion of insulin at the level of the pancreas or by the resistance of peripheral cells to the action of this hormone. The most common effect of these disorders is an increase in blood glucose levels above normal limits- hyperglycemia.
Etiology
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is defined as the etiological process characterized by the destruction of pancreatic beta cells (cells that are implicated in the secretion of insulin), leading to complete insulin deficiency with progression to ketoacidosis and fatal outcome if not corrected by insulin replacement therapy. These patients have a vital dependence on insulin treatment, without which they cannot survive. Type 1 diabetes mellitus can occur at all ages but is most common in patients whose onset of the disease is under the age of 30. Below this age, almost all patients are insulin-dependent. The factors involved in the development of type 1 diabetes are twofold: genetic and environmental (viral and nutritional) (DiMeglio et al.,2018).
Impact on the body
The pancreas stimulates the production of a hormone known as insulin, which has the role of helping the tissues use glucose and through this, lowers the amount of glucose available in the bloodstream. So, after meals, blood glucose rises due to food intake, and the healthy pancreas responds by enhancing insulin secretion, which will bring blood glucose back within normal limits. Diabetes occurs when there is not enough insulin in the body (pancreas deficiency) or the body cannot use insulin efficiently (insulin resistance). The latter is most associated with obesity, but can also occur in other situations.
Only about a third of patients with diabetes show the characteristic symptoms of the disease (intense thirst, passing large amounts of urine, etc.), the others being discovered by chance in ophthalmology (where they come for visual disorders – diabetic ophthalmopathy), neurology (because of signs of diabetic neuropathy or strokes), gynecology (where patients present for genital itching), cardiology, dermatology, nephrology, surgery, etc., where patients end up because of the complications that diabetes gives to the respective organ (Subramanian, Baidal,2021).
Medication mechanism of action
Insulin is a form of peptide hormone that is released by the beta-cells located at the level of the islets of Langerhans in the pancreas. Its main purpose is to regulate blood glucose levels. In the case of patients with diabetes type 1, due to the inadequate production of insulin, the medication of choice is presented by exogenous administration of insulin. The mechanism of action relies on insulin adhering to the insulin receptors, where they initiate tyrosine kinase activity. This process will stimulate the translocation of the glucose transporters from the level of the cytoplasm to the surface of the cells and thus influencing the influx of glucose from the bloodstream to the interior of the cell (Thota, Akbar, 2021).
Pharmacokinetics (ADME)
Insulin does not have any oral bioavailability when it comes to absorption. Currently, the method of choice for administration is the subcutaneous one. Studies point out that this hormone It does not pass through the lymphatics and is absorbed directly into the bloodstream, whether it is injected in an amorphous, dissolved, or crystalline state. The absorption rate is dependent on the volume of the injected substance, the blood flow, and the concentration of insulin. The apparent volume of distribution for this hormone tends to be almost equal to that specific to the extracellular space. Even so, absorption of insulin at the level of the subcutaneous tissue tends to be slow and different based on what type of insulin is used. It is close to 0.5-2.6 hours for fast-acting insulin, 6-13 for intermediate-acting insulin, and nevertheless 15-48 hours for long-acting insulin. The metabolization of insulin tends to be multi-site as it occurs A vascular endothelium surrounds the heart, muscle tissue, and liver. Even so, in terms of excretion, it is believed that the liver and kidney are the primary organs when it comes to insulin degradation. More precisely, 50 to 60% of the insulin is degraded at the level of the liver, while the remaining 30-40% is at the level of the kidneys. Even so, in the case of exogenous insulin administration, this report is modified as the kidney will have a great role in the excretion process (Munguia, Correa,2021).
Drug Interactions
Corticosteroids represent a medication that interacts with insulin. These drugs tend to disrupt the glucose control process, which can eventually lead to acute decompensation. Another medication is represented by isoniazid, frequently used to treat pulmonary tuberculosis, which tends to reduce the effectiveness of insulin isophane (acronym of NPH) together with other medications used to control hyperglycemia. The last medication mentioned is niacin, which seems to decrease adipocyte insulin responsiveness. Due to that, this medication is contraindicated in patients who received insulin therapy due to the high risk of insulin resistance, even though studies pointed out that this is more evident in the case of long-term usage (Donner, Sarkar,2019).
Adverse effects
Among insulin’s side effects, hypoglycemia is the most serious. One of the most serious insulin side effects is hypoglycemia. This also represents one of the most important barriers when it comes to achieving the required glycemic target for Diabetes type 1 patients. Second, there is a negative impact is weight gain, which is mostly related to the frequent hypoglycemic episodes, or Adipose tissue is responsible for fatty acid uptake. The third side effect is a rare one and is represented by local allergic reactions expressed through pruritus or erythema. Even so, systemic reactions such as anaphylaxis are rarely a cause of the issue in the case of insulin analogs and human insulin. For these patients, the usage of Lispro-insulin seems to be more effective as it tends to be less allergenic (Donner, Sarkar,2019).
Conclusion
As this paper was able to demonstrate, in Diabetes type 1 patients, the recommended treatment is represented by exogenous administration of insulin. The side effects and pharmacodynamics tend to be different based on the type of insulin which is administered (as some of them tend to be short-acting while others are long-acting). Neglected diabetes mellitus can lead over time to chronic complications such as diabetic neuropathy (damage to the peripheral nerves and/or vegetative nervous system), diabetic retinopathy (damage to the retina which, if left untreated, can lead to blindness), diabetic nephropathy (damage to the kidneys, which can lead to kidney failure and dialysis), diabetic arteriopathy (this, together with peripheral neuropathy, can lead to diabetic gangrene which may require amputation of the lower limbs). Due to that, it is mandatory that patients maintain a normal value of blood glucose level; even so, as this paper demonstrates, that can be difficult, especially due to the potential side effects which are associated with the usage of this medication.

Categories
Dentistry

SUBJECT: ectodermal dysplasia-10 SLIDES 10- PICS no need for voice over i will do it. Oral Embryology/ Histology Project Description

SUBJECT: ectodermal dysplasia-10 SLIDES 10- PICS no need for voice over i will do it. Oral Embryology/ Histology Project Description
Oral Embryology/ Histology involves the study of how head and neck tissues and structures develop. Upon completion of this report, the student should be well versed and be knowledgeable of the specific topic presented. This is a digital presentation. Discuss a topic that involves developmental disorders. It could be caused by genetic or environmental disturbances. Examples could be amelogenesis imperfecta, dentinogenesis imperfecta, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate, lingual thyroid, developmental cysts, or developmental abnormalities of the teeth such as gemination, fusion, dens in dente, etc.
The report must include a description of the developmental disorder (including histology), what occurred (or did not occur) during development and possible reasons why (etiology) and treatment and prognosis.
Digital presentation
 Examples could include a video, slides, PowerPoint with voiceover, Prezi, etc.
 Clearly and thoroughly showcase the developmental disorder through text, video and/ or audio. Student can choose media with instructor’s permission.
 Must have introduction, body and conclusion  Description of disorder
 Etiology
 Treatment and Prognosis
 5-10 high quality images
 Media must be available to instructor as an attachment or link, submitted in Canvas
 Length should be at least 10 minutes for a video presentation, or at least 10 slides for a slide presentation.  Slides with accurate APA in-text citations for both text and images
 Reference slide with at least 3 credible references in APA format
*All projects need to be cleared by the instructor before submission.
*See rubric for specific grading criteria.Oral Embryology/ Histology Project Description
Oral Embryology/ Histology involves the study of how head and neck tissues and structures develop. Upon completion of this report, the student should be well versed and be knowledgeable of the specific topic presented. This is a digital presentation. Discuss a topic that involves developmental disorders. It could be caused by genetic or environmental disturbances. Examples could be amelogenesis imperfecta, dentinogenesis imperfecta, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate, lingual thyroid, developmental cysts, or developmental abnormalities of the teeth such as gemination, fusion, dens in dente, etc.
The report must include a description of the developmental disorder (including histology), what occurred (or did not occur) during development and possible reasons why (etiology) and treatment and prognosis.
Digital presentation
 Examples could include a video, slides, PowerPoint with voiceover, Prezi, etc.
 Clearly and thoroughly showcase the developmental disorder through text, video and/ or audio. Student can choose media with instructor’s permission.
 Must have introduction, body and conclusion  Description of disorder
 Etiology
 Treatment and Prognosis
 5-10 high quality images
 Media must be available to instructor as an attachment or link, submitted in Canvas
 Length should be at least 10 minutes for a video presentation, or at least 10 slides for a slide presentation.  Slides with accurate APA in-text citations for both text and images
 Reference slide with at least 3 credible references in APA format
*All projects need to be cleared by the instructor before submission.
*See rubric for specific grading criteria.

Categories
Dentistry

SUBJECT: ectodermal dysplasia-10 SLIDES 10- PICS no need for voice over i will do it. Oral Embryology/ Histology Project Description

SUBJECT: ectodermal dysplasia-10 SLIDES 10- PICS no need for voice over i will do it. Oral Embryology/ Histology Project Description
Oral Embryology/ Histology involves the study of how head and neck tissues and structures develop. Upon completion of this report, the student should be well versed and be knowledgeable of the specific topic presented. This is a digital presentation. Discuss a topic that involves developmental disorders. It could be caused by genetic or environmental disturbances. Examples could be amelogenesis imperfecta, dentinogenesis imperfecta, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate, lingual thyroid, developmental cysts, or developmental abnormalities of the teeth such as gemination, fusion, dens in dente, etc.
The report must include a description of the developmental disorder (including histology), what occurred (or did not occur) during development and possible reasons why (etiology) and treatment and prognosis.
Digital presentation
 Examples could include a video, slides, PowerPoint with voiceover, Prezi, etc.
 Clearly and thoroughly showcase the developmental disorder through text, video and/ or audio. Student can choose media with instructor’s permission.
 Must have introduction, body and conclusion  Description of disorder
 Etiology
 Treatment and Prognosis
 5-10 high quality images
 Media must be available to instructor as an attachment or link, submitted in Canvas
 Length should be at least 10 minutes for a video presentation, or at least 10 slides for a slide presentation.  Slides with accurate APA in-text citations for both text and images
 Reference slide with at least 3 credible references in APA format
*All projects need to be cleared by the instructor before submission.
*See rubric for specific grading criteria.Oral Embryology/ Histology Project Description
Oral Embryology/ Histology involves the study of how head and neck tissues and structures develop. Upon completion of this report, the student should be well versed and be knowledgeable of the specific topic presented. This is a digital presentation. Discuss a topic that involves developmental disorders. It could be caused by genetic or environmental disturbances. Examples could be amelogenesis imperfecta, dentinogenesis imperfecta, ectodermal dysplasia, cleft lip/palate, lingual thyroid, developmental cysts, or developmental abnormalities of the teeth such as gemination, fusion, dens in dente, etc.
The report must include a description of the developmental disorder (including histology), what occurred (or did not occur) during development and possible reasons why (etiology) and treatment and prognosis.
Digital presentation
 Examples could include a video, slides, PowerPoint with voiceover, Prezi, etc.
 Clearly and thoroughly showcase the developmental disorder through text, video and/ or audio. Student can choose media with instructor’s permission.
 Must have introduction, body and conclusion  Description of disorder
 Etiology
 Treatment and Prognosis
 5-10 high quality images
 Media must be available to instructor as an attachment or link, submitted in Canvas
 Length should be at least 10 minutes for a video presentation, or at least 10 slides for a slide presentation.  Slides with accurate APA in-text citations for both text and images
 Reference slide with at least 3 credible references in APA format
*All projects need to be cleared by the instructor before submission.
*See rubric for specific grading criteria.

Categories
Dentistry

Learning Goal: I’m working on a dentistry multi-part question and need an explan

Learning Goal: I’m working on a dentistry multi-part question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.Enumerate the Principles of tooth preparation? Define and describe about retention and resistance in-relation to tooth preparation for crowns. Discuss in detail the tooth preparation steps for Posterior All Metal- CrownsInstructions in the picture.
Requirements: 2pages

Categories
Dentistry

Learning Goal: I’m working on a dentistry question and need an explanation and a

Learning Goal: I’m working on a dentistry question and need an explanation and answer to help me learn.A power point presentation about the basic and supplementary dental instruments and their functions used in therapeutic dentistry That contains:-cover page -introduction -the instruments and their functions-conclusion -references slide-all slides must contains speakers notes about 100 words, graphics, APA style, and 8-10 slides, not including the cover page or references.