Categories
International Law

Ebola, Monkey Pox, Bird Flu, COVID, and other diseases/viruses are those that be

Ebola, Monkey Pox, Bird Flu, COVID, and other diseases/viruses are those that began in one country and quickly spread to others. Under what circumstances should states where these originated be held liable for the spread to and resulting deaths in other countries.
There is no one correct answer but the question is asking to apply state responsibility principles to a contemporary problem.
Requirements: 1-2 pages, double spaced, Times New Roman, font 12

Categories
International Law

Submit your final research proposal. Note: You will not actually carry out your

Submit your final research proposal. Note: You will not actually carry out your research project (i.e. operationalize your research design) in this class. You are writing a proposal for this assignment (which is often used to obtain funding such as a grant to complete the research). It is not a complete research paper. Thus, you will propose the collection of data to test your hypothesis, but you will not actually get to do it. Your proposal should have the following sections:
Research Proposal: Transportation Security (such as TSA)
Research Question: What security measures are different pre 9/11 to post 9/11 in transportation areas such as the airport and what are some needed adjustments to improve current security measures?
Hypothesis: If security measures in transportation areas such as the airport were the same as pre 9/11, where would the country be now with the ability to protect itself against terrorist and other criminals?
Title Page: Your title page should include the working title of your research project proposal, your name, date, and course title.
Introduction: The introduction is where you identify your specific research question and where you set the general context for the study. In this section you need to include:
a research hook (something like a statistic or interesting fact) that will encourage the reader to keep reading;
an introduction to the topic and its larger context, including a discussion of why it is important to study. It provides the current state of accumulated knowledge as it relates to your specific research question.
a statement of the problem and context leading to a clear statement of the specific research question. (The research question for this paper is: [fill in the blank]);
background and contextual material justifying why this case or topic should be studied; and
a purpose statement.
promote the importance of your own research. How will your research fit within this larger body of knowledge? What are you doing differently? What gaps will your research fill?
Theoretical Framework: The theoretical framework tells the reader what your basic theoretical lens is. It’s an opportunity for you to tell the reader where you are coming from. If, for instance, a realist viewpoint would help the reader understand your perspective, include a summary here. Same goes for a Marxist or liberal viewpoint. The theoretical framework is not always necessary. If you want to use a theory to derive variables for the lit review, that would go in the literature review, not the theoretical framework. This is simply a way to explain your model and starting point for the research.
a summary of the theory or model to be used in the study, including a diagram of the model if appropriate;
comment on the kinds of questions this theory has been used to answer in the past and why it is appropriate to use in this proposed study
Literature Review: The literature review tells the reader what variables you want to include the data when you collect it. The literature review focuses on discussing how other researchers have addressed the same or similar research questions. In this section you should:
Summarize the general state of the literature on the research topic. For example, if you discuss other studies that have been conducted you would summarize the researcher’s findings, how those findings were obtained, and conduct an evaluation of biases in the findings.
The literature is the DEDUCTIVE part of the deductive research project. This is where you will deduce the variables and hypothesis from previous research and/or theory. You will derive those elements from peer reviewed research in the literature review.
This section should provide a broad overview of the primary arguments related to the topic and organizes the general views on the main aspects of the topic by theme or variable, which could be the prevailing arguments or schools of thought, commonly held beliefs that incorporate your particular topic, elements that may influence the phenomenon you are studying; demographics and variables that may be a part of the answer to the research question.
The literature review MUST be organized around the variables that you will propose measuring in the data that you will propose to collect. These are the parts of the hypothesis.
Include a short conclusion and hypothesis.
REMEMBER TO USE HEADINGS AND SUBHEADINGS!
NOTE: Literature reviews can be a bit tricky to write. Think back to how you wrote your short theory lit review in week 4. Chances are you already started to write in a style similar to what one does when completing a literature review. This will not be the last time that you are asked to write a literature review in your academic career, so it is important to master this skill.
Research Design and Methods: Describes how you will answer your research question by testing the hypothesis. This section describes your overall research design and how you plan to collect, synthesize, and interpret your data. It should include:
identification and operationalization (measurement) of variables;
a sampling plan (i.e., study population and sampling procedures, if appropriate);
justification of case studies used;
data collection/sources (secondary literature, archives, interviews, surveys, etc.);
a summary of analysis procedures (pattern-matching, etc.); and
the limitations of study and bias discussion.
Conclusion: Reemphasizes the importance of your study and ties the proposal together. Just remember that you will NOT answer the question in the conclusion. The conclusion will review what you have already said about the proposal. It will summarize the hypothesis that you want to test in the data that you propose. It is not the answer to the research question. The answer to the research question can only come from data. The hypothesis came from the lit review, but the answer comes from the data that you are proposing to collect in this proposal.
Reference List: As with all academic papers you need to reference the works that you have cited (direct quotes or paraphrases) in the text of your document and incorporate a complete reference list at the end. This list needs to be in APA. Please identify the preferred method on the title page.
Remember that the references you use demonstrate your knowledge of the topic area. This research proposal is meant to convince your professor that you not only have identified a worthy question in need of investigation, but that you are also capable of carrying out the research involved to successfully answer that question. At the very least you should have referenced 12-15 peer-reviewed sources in this proposal. Data can come from databases and news accounts for the facts, but the lit review should be entirely from peer reviewed sources.
Technical Requirements:
Your submission should be at a minimum of 8-10 pages (the Title Page and Reference page will be additional pages).
At least 12-15 peer reviewed sources should be used for this assignment.
Type in Times New Roman, 12 point and double space.
Students will follow the APA Style as the sole citation and reference style used in written work submitted as part of coursework.
Your submission is be in your own words with minimal quotes and cited appropriately.
This assignment will be graded using the attached rubric
Attached below is my research proposal paper:
Transportation Security
The terrorist attacks on September 11, 2001, had a profound impact on the United States. In addition, the terrorist attacks changed the landscape of transportation security in the United States. Before 9/11, airport security focused on deterring and detecting traditional criminal activity, such as smuggling drugs or weapons. However, in the wake of the 9/11 attacks, the primary focus of airport security shifted to preventing terrorist attacks. The Transportation Security Administration (TSA) was created in response to the 9/11 attacks and is charged with developing and implementing security measures to protect the nation’s transportation systems, including airports (Lawson et al., 2020). Moreover, several new security measures were put in place, including using metal detectors and X-ray machines, banning certain items from carry-on luggage, and implementing the no-fly list.
One of the most visible changes in airport security post-9/11 is the increased presence of security personnel. In addition, before the security measures, screening was primarily conducted by private security companies contracted by the airlines. These companies focused on preventing weapons and explosives from being brought onto aeroplanes and on deterring and detecting traditional criminal activity. However, they did not have the expertise or resources to screen for terrorist threats. In contrast, the TSA, a federal agency with a mandate to prevent terrorist attacks, had sophisticated and more advanced weapons in terms of technology (Thomas, 2018).
Another significant change in airport security post-9/11 is the use of technology. Before 9/11, airports relied on metal detectors to screen passengers and their baggage. However, metal detectors are ineffective against all threats, such as those posed by explosives. In response to the 9/11 attacks, the TSA implemented Advanced Imaging Technology (AIT), which uses x-rays to screen passengers and their baggage for various threats, including explosives.
The increased presence of security personnel and technology made airport security more effective at deterring and detecting potential threats. However, these measures also made travel more time-consuming and inconvenient for passengers. In addition, the TSA has been criticized for its use of invasive screening techniques, such as pat-downs and body scanners. As a result, the agency has been working to strike a balance between security and passenger privacy.
In conclusion, the 9/11 attacks had a profound impact on the United States. The TSA was created in response in order to protect the nation’s transportation systems, including airports. The increased presence of security personnel and the use of technology has made airport security more effective at deterring and detecting potential threats (Fox, 2021). There have been no successful terrorist attacks on commercial aeroplanes in the United States since 9/11. However, these measures have also made travel more time-consuming and inconvenient for passengers.
References
Lawson, C., Bersin, A., & Kayyem, J. N. (Eds.). (2020). Beyond 9/11: Homeland Security for the Twenty-First Century. MIT Press.
Thomas, J. (2018, May 24). Reflections on the influence of the 9/11 attacks on domestic security practices and future cyber security needs. SSRN. Retrieved October 13, 2022, from https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3177272
Fox, S. J. (2021, November 30). Past events: In hindsight! 20 years after – 9/11. STORE – Staffordshire Online Repository. Retrieved October 12, 2022, from http://eprints.staffs.ac.uk/7137/
Schaper, D. (2021, September 10). It was shoes on, no boarding pass or ID. but airport security forever changed on 9/11. NPR. Retrieved October 13, 2022, from https://www.npr.org/2021/09/10/1035131619/911-travel-timeline-tsa

Categories
International Law

1542.203, security of the air operations area (aoa)

In addition to having various certifications to work in the aviation industry, you need to be knowledgeable in relations to Code of Federal Air Regulations (CFR) Title 49, subtitle B Chapter XII Sub-chapter C part 1542.
For this assignment you need to research the below requirements. Then using APA format, write a paragraph for each listed area using your own words to indicate or describe what each section wants or requires and how each would be accomplished.
Please be sure to include the links you used to identify and gather this information.
Part 1542 Airport Security
1542.101 General Requirements
1542.113 Airport Tenant security programs
1542.201, Security of the secured area
1542.203, Security of the air operations area (AOA)
1542.205, Security of the security identification display area (SIDA)
1542.207 Access control systems
1542.303 Security Directives and Information Circulars
1542.307 Incident management
Elements of the Airport Certification Manual as required by FAR 139.

Categories
International Law

Write a 500-800 word response to the follow prompt, why is russia’s invasion of ukraine a threat to us interests, mission and values?

President Biden faces his biggest security and economic challenge to date with Russia’s invasion of Ukraine. The surprise invasion not only challenged US security plans in the region, rattled NATO allies and showed the willingness of Russia to take exorbitant security risks, it set off a global economic crisis that shows no signs of relenting. Watch the PBS overview of Biden’s foreign policy options and the Washington Post article on Biden’s coalition in Ukraine and choose one additional article or opinion piece to discuss in your forum post. Write a 500-800 word response to the follow prompt, Why is Russia’s invasion of Ukraine a threat to US interests, mission and values? Discuss and cite the two required materials in your response as well as your chosen additional article. Make sure to include an APA citation of your additional article below your post.

Categories
International Law

While these electronic channels are usually not as credible as scholarly publications, they are a great way for readers to learn about new topics and for writers to share their insight and expertise with a virtual audience.

Overview
Blogs, LinkedIn articles, and other online publications are channels of communication through which people can share their experience, perspectives, and expertise directly with readers—and readers can respond via electronic comments. While these electronic channels are usually not as credible as scholarly publications, they are a great way for readers to learn about new topics and for writers to share their insight and expertise with a virtual audience. They are also often supported with references to case studies, reports, and other research.
In this assignment, you will write an article for a virtual, professional audience to share your knowledge of the module resources concerning what globalization is and why organizations consider global expansion.
Prompt
Create an article that could be shared online that defines key terms, explains fundamental concepts, and shares relevant examples as to why domestic businesses should consider expansion into global markets. The article should have a brief introduction that explains what readers will gain from the post, a body that provides content supported with textual evidence from the course resources, and a conclusion that summarizes key takeaways for the reader.
Specifically, you must address the following rubric criteria:
Types of Business Environments: Differentiate between domestic and international business environments by defining and providing key characteristics of each type, using supporting evidence.
Example Organizations: Identify examples of domestic and international organizations and explain how they meet the criteria for each type of organization, using supporting evidence.
Benefits of Expansion: Explain the key benefits of international and global expansion for domestic businesses, providing specific examples and using supporting evidence.
Ethical Considerations: Explain the role of ethics in making business decisions regarding expansion to a new market and how ethical decision-making frameworks can be used to help make these decisions. Use supporting evidence as appropriate.
Guidelines for Submission
Submit your article as a Word document between 350 and 500 words in length. Use APA formatting and cite your sources according to APA style.

Categories
International Law

What is defamation?

Action Items
Prepare a case study that requires critical thinking. The case study should include related questions and guiding answers. In week 9 we studied the Dow Jones v Gutnick case. What happened in this case? What is defamation? What legal issue did the court have to decide and what decision did it reach?
-APA style references

Categories
International Law

Do not just copy and paste.

The Aviation industry can be a competitive, fast paced environment to work in. It offers numerous career opportunities, including many paths that may not seem immediately obvious. Some are lesser-known aviation careers that not only offer exciting and challenging work environments, but may also prove to be particularly lucrative for those just starting out in the industry.
The aviation industry, an integral part of society, needs qualified personnel for an array of aviation careers. The aviation industry provides careers requiring various skills, interests and backgrounds. Many of the entry-level aviation jobs include extensive customer service contact requiring strong communication and interpersonal skills.
Some aviation careers require certification from the Federal Aviation Administration, such as pilot and air traffic control specialist. Some aviation careers, including an aviation business manager, may require a college degree.
For this assignment I want you to research two sources for each of the eight below training/certifications. Then using proper APA format, write a paragraph on each of the eight listed trainings indicating what it is, how its obtained, cost associated with each source and what it will do for you. Hint, some are free of charge.
DO NOT just COPY and Paste. Reword them so I can ensure you understand. Also, don’t just pt bullet points. These need to be paragraphs explaining each.
Please be sure to include the links you used to identify and gather this information.
ICS 100
ICS 200
NIMS 300
NIMS 700
NIMS 800
FAA ARFF Certification
Airport Security Coordinator Certification
AAAE Certification

Categories
International Law

Identify one issue from the weekly reading (cybercrime)and create a legal issue brief.

Identify one issue from the weekly reading (CYBERCRIME)and create a Legal Issue Brief.
Your brief should be no more than one page and follow the format below.
Title (Issue in 2-5 words)
Student Name
Issue (1-3 sentences)
Facts (3-4 sentences)
Student position (2-4 sentences)
Rationale (5-7 sentences)

Categories
International Law

Why do you think different correlations were used for different variables?

Read the following article on secruity in South Sudan:
Rigterink, A. S. (2015). Does security imply safety? On the (lack of) correlation between different aspects of security. International Journal of Security & Development, 4, 1-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.5334/sta.fw
This article includes some advanced statistical concepts, particularly regarding how to measure some of the variables of interest. Don’t get bogged down in those details; you can skim over these more complicated parts. I want you to focus on the parts of the article that examine correlations between the important variables.
Answer these questions, fully, and to the best of your abilities. This is a Statistics for Security Studies Course:350-400words #1 What did you learn about the correlation between security and safety in South Sudan from the correlation coefficients presented in this article?
#2 What correlation coefficients were used? Why do you think different correlations were used for different variables?

Categories
International Law

The first paragraph needs to be a thesis paragraph.

Please see attached pdf file for specific assignment directions. Please see attached notes pdf for further information to include in paper. Please see below for paper outline and requirements. Introduction
The first paragraph needs to be a thesis paragraph. It should get at what is needed and be a good overview for the rest of the paper.
The Proposed Agreement Might Never Happen
First paragraph needs to contain legal arguments and/or implications
Second paragraph should concentrate on conditions that lead the agreement never to enter into force. NO withdrawal should be mentioned as you can’t withdraw from an agreement that never entered into force.
All paragraphs need to have a legal assessment. For example, signing the agreement can be in this section.
The ICJ can only handle disputes over treaties in force – thus, any discussion about the ICJ doesn’t belong in this section
****This section needs to discuss legal barriers to having the treaty enter into force
Look at your notes, slides, and readings related to “entry into force” (e.g., ratification)
Review the video Limits on US Treaty Making (video and supplemental file)
Those That Would Lead the Agreement to Fall Apart After It Takes Effect
There should be no mention of ICJ or Case of Certain Norwegian Loans in this section also ****This section needs to cover scenarios and factors that would lead the treaty to fall apart
Look at your notes, slides, and readings related to “Is the treaty still in force?” (e.g., unilateral violations, termination procedures, ICJ jurisdiction
REQUIREMENTS: 7 pages, double spaced, Times New Roman, font 12, 1′ margins